American Guinea Pig is entertaining and gentle. They are the most common breed of them all. This pet guinea pig is vocal and delightful. They are social animals and enjoy daily interaction with other guinea pigs and their owner. They have become very popular pets because of their docile temperament. They are also good with children and families.
Size: Adult guinea pigs of any breed are relatively the same size. Full-grown females weigh between 1 1/2 to 2 pounds while adult males can weigh anywhere between 2 and 2 1/2 pounds. As for length, mature guinea pigs measure between 8 and 12 inches long. an adult average guinea pig size in length can range from 8 inches to a full 12 inches.
Temperament & Personality: the guinea pigs can squeak, squeal and grunt to express themselves. They give a high-pitched squeak when they’re hungry or see food coming.
They have a lovable personality. Some owners describe them as “clownish” because they are quite comical, fun and entertaining to watch.
Activity Requirements: They need time out of their cage every day. Whether this time is spent stretching their legs and exploring new environments or cuddling in your lap, daily interaction and attention are essential for a guinea pig's well-being.
Cage Requirements: A minimum of 70cm x 70cm - 30″ x 30.″ The following guidelines are useful to determine the space needed for guinea pigs. One guinea pig: 7.5 square feet cage (minimum), but more is better; generally 30" x 36" is a good size. Two guinea pigs: 7.5 square feet (minimum), but 10.5 square feet is preferred; generally 30" x 50" is a good size.
Diet: guinea pig pellets are available. Water must always be available and will stay cleaner if supplied in gravity feed bottle. Guinea pigs need fresh, clean unsprayed grass every day to supply vitamin C which the body cannot store. An alternative to grass could be hay or lucerne.
Offer cabbage in small amounts, apples, cauliflower leaves, lucerne hay or chaff, celery, tops or stalks, pea shells, carrots tops and peelings, banana peel, lettuce in small amounts, parsley, water and rock melon, beans string less and runner types, cucumber, sweet corn and husks with silk, tomatoes, silver beet, pieces of mint occasionally and spinach.
Grooming Requirements: Need to be groomed regularly, shorthaired breeds can be maintained with a weekly brushing while longhaired breeds require daily grooming
Colors: The American Rabbit Breeders Association, an affiliate of the American Cavy Breeders Association, recognizes more than 20 colors of American guinea pigs in five groups for showing: Self group (beige, black, chocolate, cream, lilac, red-eyed orange, red, white), Solid group (brindle, roan, dilute solid, golden solid. Guinea pigs with marked coats are predominately white with a different, definitive color pattern. No flecking or random highlights here. Marked guinea pigs have solid swaths of colors like white, black and red. The silkie breed’s long, dense fur can come in the marked variety. Agouti coat is commonly found in wild guinea pigs. The coat’s varying bands of color and flecked appearance works to camouflage them from prey in the wild. Common colors found in agouti coats are buff, golden brown, red, brown, dark brown and black. This pattern is commonly found in the multicolored, tufted Abyssinian. Self variety of guinea pig is one solid color with no other markings or pattern. The colors are a nearly literal rainbow and can include beige, black, chocolate, cream, lilac, red, red-eyed orange and white. American guinea pigs, one of the most popular varieties, are often of the smooth, solid-colored self variety. Solid guinea pigs are similar to the self variety as they are also a solid color with no definitive markings or pattern. However, these buddies do have random, borderless patterns of up to two colors that blend together to create one predominate shade of color. These patterns include brindle, dilute solid different hues of the same color golden solid, roan white hairs mixed with two other colors such as black and red as well as the final shade: silver.
History: The guinea pig was first domesticated as long ago as 2000BC in the Andes in South America, in the region now known as Peru and Bolivia. They were originally kept for food, but some may have become family pets for the children at that time. The guinea pig was first domesticated as early as 5000 BC for food by tribes in the Andean region of South America (the present-day southern part of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia), some thousands of years after the domestication of the South American camelids.
Origin: South America
Life span: 5 to 7 years
Temperament: Entertaining, gentle, comical, fun, sweet, vocal, delightful and lovable
Weight: 2 to 3Lbs
Colors: Tan guinea,chocolate, black, lilac, beige, orange